Sunday, May 24, 2020
The movie The Field of Lost Shoes, purely based off of the Battle of New Market, is both accurate and inaccurate when displaying soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ lifestyle and their experiences that occurred during the Civil War. The movie is inaccurate in a way that is portrays soldiers having to leave their jobs, when they really did have jobs they had to leave. The movie is accurate in most scenes. Its accuracy proves to be correct in the scenes that women had to step in as nurses and help the wounded, soldiers leaving their loved ones, the horrible conditions that the soldiers had to fight through, and when groups of stable soldiers went to the fieldÃ¢â¬â¢s aftermath to rescue wounded soldiers and their loved ones. Overall, the movie is consistently accurate all the way through to show how the Civil War impacted the American lifestyle. Towards the beginning of the movie, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s an inaccurate scene that drifts you into the setting of the movie with introductions of the main characters. It starts by a multitude of cadets in the background, chatting away, getting to know each other. A certain group of individuals, including Cadet Garland Jefferson and Cadet John Wise, are spotlighted when they go into a side room in a large building and pull a causal prank on a new cadet. The Cadets enjoyed themselves in the fun of fooling the little boy and worked up an appetite. Later that evening, they proceed by going to the bakery taking some bread from an old slave baker and making a trade agreement with him.Show MoreRelatedUnited for One1047 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrelate most to Luma. There are other reasons why I think that I relate to Luma. Throughout the whole book, Luma never wants to give up. For example in chapter nine, Ã¢â¬Å"Get LostÃ¢â¬ , when Luma knows she has to find a new field for her fugees to play on. According to St John, on page 93, the YMCA calls and lets Luma know they found a field for her. She never gave up on her high hopes. Luma always wanted the best for her players. I am just like Luma, as I never give up on things. My number one struggle I neverRead MoreWhich of the Different Product Mix Pricing Strategies Discussed in the Text Applies Best to Paylesss New Strategy? Discuss in Detail.747 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesdays, payless provides only limited range of the footwear to the customers which leads to losses in the year of 2005. As stated in the case, you can no longer produce the same boring shoes year after year and hope that price alone will get customers to your door.,said a industry insider. This shows that payless had lost its edge in the market.In order to overcome this situation, payless had hired a new CEO, Matt Rubel on the June of Year 2009. Matt Rubel knew he had to redesign a new range of footwearRead MoreRecruitment Case Study1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCentral Problem Since the takeover of MansiniÃ¢â¬â¢s company by a national conglomerate, emerging challenges of Maple Leaf Shoes Ltd. has presented an urgent need for a Human Resources Manager who possess core skills and extensive experience in human resources to handle the short term as well as long term needs of the company. The increasing global competition, labour and production costs, managerial training and employee development activities faced by the company are issues that needed immediateRead MoreAdidas Industry Analysis964 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdidas athletic shoes 1. General History The global footwear market is a growing market with an increase in consumer demand based on globally increasing consumer incomes. The sports footwear market is significantly characterized by the high speed of innovation, which forces the companies to invest more in development initiatives. At the same time the companies are trying to reduce costs through decreasing supplier prices in order to stay competitive. Looking forward, the footwear marketRead MoreChildren s Influence On Children967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesManitoba discovered that many farm families were without underwear or shoes for their children, who as a result couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t attend schoolÃ¢â¬ (Berton, 1990, p. 11). The luxuries that children once experienced, were stripped away from them right before their eyes. As a result of the lack of income earned by rural families, children endured a great deal of suffering. In the winter months especially, these children who were without shoes in ill-housed families were unab le to keep warm. Therefore, as natureRead MoreRecommendation : An Suspension Shoe Essay1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom weakening joints and bones feel less pressure so it will be also a good option for overweight people. Since there is no competition right now for this type of shoe in the market, so we do not have fear of losing market share. The shoes will be produce in that country where labor cost is low and we will also give online purchase option. On the other hand, our target market is going to be located in USA so will also give a custom made shoe option where costumer can choose differentRead MoreThe Crash Of The United States1626 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOctober 28, 2014 Ã¢â¬Æ' Intro On September 11th, 2001, this nation underwent a traumatic event. Four planes, three buildings, and one field in Pennsylvania. These were the factors that went into changing America into what it is today. The terrorist attacks on the United States led to war, laws, conspiracies, and memorials. None of these however, can replace the lives that were lost that fateful day in September. The attacks The terrorist attacks took place across the northeastern United States. Four planesRead MoreNike Case Study899 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBenefits for the company and the country of origin The company employs 650 000 contract workers worldwide at relatively low labour costs. Because of the early decision to manufacture shoes in Asia allowed his company to enjoy lower labor and production costs, Nike was able from the outset to produce highquality athletic shoes at competitive prices. NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s presence provides an influx of U.S. currency with which host countries can buy the imports, such as high-tech equipment, that are critical to economicRead More The Truth in Art: Vincent Van Goghs Work of Art Essay1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbelieves that this aesthetic approach goes against this. One artist that Heidegger particularly discusses is Vincent Van Gogh. He uses works of art by Van Gogh in order to give more power to his argument. Through works of art such as Van GoghÃ¢â¬â¢s A Pair of Shoes, Heidegger makes his a distinction between artwork and things. In order to truly analyze the culture of another, he explains how it is essential for the viewer to question wh at is being depicted in the work and what the purpose may be. Heidegger describesRead MoreEssay about Civil War Battles of Chancelorsville and Gettysburg871 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis is only two battles in the whole Civil War yet countless lives were lost in each one. These battles were only two months apart. The goal of this paper is to give information on these two Civil War battles Chancelorsville and Gettysburg. The Battle of Chancelorsville In the Battle of Chancelorsville, Hooker was the Union general and Lee was the Confederate general. Hooker had 130,000 men and Lee had 60,000 men. Hooker had more men and supplies and Lee was outnumbered. Before the battle Hooker
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Leadership is a crucial part of life. Without leaders the world would probably fall apart. People need leaders to follow and to set an example for them. Leaders step up and stand up for what they believe in. They can be men or women and even children. Leaders can be found in every country, state, and city. They are located around the world, but not all leaders are good, effective leaders. There are leaders that abuse their power. However, there are also selfless leaders who truly make an impact on lives. A huge example of a selfless leader is Mahatma Gandhi. He was born in 1869 on October 2nd in North West India. After college, he took a job in South Africa but later moved back to India. Upon his return, the most influential period of his life started. He started non-violent civil disobedience and began to encourage the locals to improve their circumstances. Gandhi did a lot of awesome things during his lifetime. The things he did can still be used as lessons today. He encouraged peo ple to fight for their freedom. (Mahatma Gandhi 2013) I use fight very lightly though, because he was a non-violent person. He was a role model for many other famous leaders including Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr. One of the biggest reasons why I admire him is because he was so humble. He did not think of himself as a good leader. He was just doing him job as a decent human being. Mahatma Gandhi was a transformational leader, but it could also be argued that he was a servant leaderShow MoreRelatedThe Social Sciences And Humanities1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesteaching us what is relevant to us such as; creating a life with meaning and purpose, appreciating diversity and complexity, communicating effectively and how to overcome adversity as John and Mary said. Without the knowledge and skills of those, we cannot develop and innovate things in the STEM courses without the knowledge and skills of the others. One of the large impacts that taking social sciences has on people is that they really create a life with meaning and purpose. One of the many ways thatRead MoreLeadership Style and Crisis Management1175 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA., P.Ã¢â¬Ët Hart., A. McConell and T. Preston. (2010). Leadership style, crisis response and blame management: The case of hurricane Katrina. The Journal of Public Administration, 88(3), 706-725 In this paper I have summarized the article and offer comments on where additional research would assist in further understanding of the issue. The authors of this article used retrospective review which uses existing data and researches. Leadership style and crisis management have always been the mainRead MoreWeek 7 Leadership Paper1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Synthesis Paper: Leadership RES -811 April 22, 2015 Leadership Paper This paper will create a dialogue concerning the following articles and synthesis them to generate a discussion of the common themes that run throughout them, as well as understanding the conclusion of all three articles when taken as one entity. Article 1: Fearless Dominance and the U.S. Presidency: Implications of PsychopathicPersonality Traits for Successful and Unsuccessful Political Leadership by S.O. Lilienfeld, IRead MoreLeadership Without Easy Answers Essay1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswell versed in leadership issues. Once a psychiatrist, he is now the director of the Leadership Education Project at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He founded the Center for Public Leadership where he is the Ã¢â¬Å"King Hussein bin Talal Senior LecturerÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Harvard Kennedy SchoolÃ¢â¬ , n.d.). Much of the leadership experience poured into Leadership Without Easy Answers is primarily derived from HeifetzÃ¢â¬â¢ work in Washington, D.C. observing the political leadership structures of theRead MoreA Interview With A Vision And Communicating It At Birmingham City Church1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction As part of this module the author carried out a 15 minute interview with a church leader on the topic of: Gaining a vision and communicating it to those you are leading. This paper will first explain how the author developed the questionnaire and provide a rationale as to why they chose these particular questions. This paper will then evaluate the intervieweeÃ¢â¬â¢s perspectives in light of published sources. Finally the author will reflect on his own experience of, and attitude towardsRead MoreLeadership Analysis : Joan Gallos Compiles A Collection Of Authors That Examines The Integral Parts Of Leadership Essay1122 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Joan Gallos compiles a collection of authors that examines the integral parts of leadership. Gallos constructed the work to assist leaders with leadership development. The book is divided into five parts that seek to equip leaders with tools and information to enhance a leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s success. The five-part arrangement consist: Framing the issue, leadership preparation, anticipating challenges, making it happen, and sustaining the leader. Hence, integrating the concepts presented willRead MoreEffective Leadership Training Program For Employees1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestoday environment, it is critical to provide a positive, impactful leadership training program where all employees have the necessary resources and support they need to help them integrate into our culture and position them for success within the organization and their roles. Employees do not feel appreciated and are valued, which brings negative morale and unsatisfactory performance. Unless change is made within the leadership team, turnover will continue to be a high turnover reduction. FurthermoreRead MoreService and Leadership Essay963 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesboth the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s tools for progression towards unconditional happiness. Kindled by religious enthusiasts and community leaders, these aspects of support and guidance are embedded in families, societies, and the future generations. Service and leadership make up the thread of our society. In homes, both parents and children can serve and lead. In the public aspect, advocates of religion, advisors in community service or social mediators for peace all have the ability to support and guide the neighborhoodRead MoreThe Success Of A Business Or Organization Is Dependent On The Quality Of Leadership Within The Organization1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe success of a business or organization is dependent on the quality of leadership within the organization. Leadership, defined as the action or leading/guiding a group of people or organization. The foundation of leadership is communication, an effective leader shows guidance, assigns tasks, through effective and clear communication. There are many differing leadership styles that involve different communication styles, resulting in differing levels of management/employee communication integrationRead MoreRoles And Responsibilities Of A Project1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesautomotive system used since the controller is responsible for configuring the system. Consequently, the delegation of roles and responsibilities is crucial to attaining the intended outcomes of a project. Some of the factors to be considered include expertise, leadership and experience. In addition, the role of networking and outsourcing, which may become part of a project, is analysed in the broader project fulfilment scope (Cadle Yeates, 2008). Sometimes, projects managers may engage in outsourcing
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Art is any form of self-expression. Art is something that is created that entertains, inspires, educates or makes a person feel something good, bad or unexplainable. Art is whatever the artist does or makes in which they deem to be art whether it is of value or not. We will write a custom essay sample on What makes art art or any similar topic only for you Order Now There is a wide variety of art, some that people wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t imagine as art, but a true artist sees art in every creation. Art is everywhere and in everything I see. Art is not Just a painting, poem, drawing or a ballet. When I think of art I think of something somebody does to release their feelings. Different people express art in various ways. For example, someone who writes a love letter because they are unable to express their feelings through touch or emotion. Is this art? Watching Michael Jordan drive down the court and slam the ball. He was recognized for his unique ways for a reason. So, is this art? Making music, any type of music whether it is appealing to your ears or not. Is this art? All of these things are art to me. Art does not have to be beautiful or make you feel good to be defined as art; it is an expression of emotion. We are all artists in my eyes because we are all able to feel and create. All of life is art to me. When I think about art, its creator and the meaning of the creation I think the content is more Important then the context. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily need to understand when and why it was created to form my opinion on whether or not I enjoy it. I like to find my own meaning and form my own opinion without knowing the background of the art. After I form my opinion I do like to research and find the artists meaning to see If I understood their expression without having it outlined. As an example I would like to reference Edward SinkholeÃ¢â¬â¢s piece, History as a Planter. Before doing any research on this piece I noticed the feet which I thought represented history and movement, the sign notating war I thought about struggle, and the plant, which I was perplexed until I did a little research. The plant Is a wondering Jew. So I was partially correct. From what I found out doing some light research, this piece of art Is symbolic of the way the artist views the history of the Jewish struggles. Art Is everywhere you look and such a huge part of our everyday, ring to explain a true definition Is almost Impossible or overwhelming. There Is Intentional art and accidental art. There are famous artists and artists as us. Take a look around you, everything you see Is art, and everything you see Is designed by someone. Yes, machines make things for us, but someone designed that piece or even designed that machine used to make that piece. Now, take another look around you. What IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t art? Of the creation I think the content is more important then the context. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t research and find the artists meaning to see if I understood their expression without trudge, and the plant, which I was perplexed until I did a little research. The plant is research, this piece of art is symbolic of the way the artist views the history of the Jewish struggles. Art is everywhere you look and such a huge part of our everyday, trying to explain a true definition is almost impossible or overwhelming. There is intentional art and accidental art. There are famous artists and artists as us. Take a look around you, everything you see is art, and everything you see is designed by you. How to cite What makes art art, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The Two Princes Of Calabar Book Review In 1767 Little Ephraim Robin John and Ancona Robin Robin John were living as Old CalabarÃ¢â¬â¢s ruling class, in a trading port in the Bight of Biafra known as Old Town, modern day Nigeria. Old Calabar was a primary source of African slaves in the Atlantic and West Indies, and the Robin John family contributed significantly to the slave population in the Americas, before ironically contributing two of their own family. Old Calabar was divided into sections, prominently Old Town and New Town, which were ruled different competing slave trading families. In an attempt to ruin Old Town, the King of New Town worked together with English slave traders to orchestrate a brutal assault on the ruling class Old Town, inviting the King of Old Town to celebrate their Ã¢â¬Å"peace treatyÃ¢â¬ . Once the King arrived with his family and their servants, they were betrayed and massacred, resulting in the death and enslavement of the servants and ruling family, including the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s brother Ancona Robin and his nephew Little Ephraim Robin John. We will write a custom essay sample on The Two Princes of Calabar Book Review or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Author Randy Sparks, who found letters written by the Ã¢â¬Å"Two PrincesÃ¢â¬ comprised a story that detailed their experiences in the New World, struggle for freedom, and eventual return back to Old Calabar. The Two Princes endured the Middle Passage to be sold as slaves in the West Indies, where they gained a nuanced African Creole identity and worldview, which Randy Sparks highlights in the prologue as one of the main themes, saying Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ in this book I explore the impact of the rise of the Atlantic World on a particular place in timeÃ¢â¬âeighteenth-century Old CalabarÃ¢â¬âthrough the lives of two men who were themselves products of that Atlantic World. Ã¢â¬ (Sparks, xii). The Princes struggled for their freedom just as the rest of their fellow enslaved African brethren, experiencing more betrayal than hope. Years later the two were on their way to Bristol to be sold as slaves when they acquired a comrade, a British merchant named Thomas Jones who helped them escape the ship. They were kept in jail until their case was heard before a judge, who granted them back their freedom after almost ten years of enslavement. In that time the Princes gained the support of Charles and John Wesley while acquiring an interest in Methodist Christianity, which helped lead to their freedom in the very English focused culture of Bristol. After several years in London, the Two Princes returned to Old Calabar in 1774, where they ironically return to slave trading even after all of their numerous tragedies and firsthand experience of slavery from both sides. Little Ephraim and Ancona Robin finally achieved their freedom through many trials and tribulations, and their success was due in large part to their social standing as Atlantic Creoles, which gave them nuanced knowledge of European traditions and outlook. Their experience of constant struggle for freedom was emblematic of many African slavesÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences, although their story seems to suggest that Atlantic Creoles were in a far better position to achieve freedom than African slaves without the Atlantic Creole background. The story of Olaudah Equiano also demonstrates how the Atlantic Creole had more opportunities than their African brethren, although unlike the two Princes, when Equiano achieved his freedom, Ã¢â¬Å"he condemned the idea that Africans were inferior to Europeans and therefore deserved to be slavesÃ¢â¬ (Foner, 130). EquianoÃ¢â¬â¢s experience, as well as those of the two Princes, illustrates that for Atlantic Creoles Ã¢â¬Å"The Atlantic was more of a bridge than a barrier between the Old and New WorldsÃ¢â¬ (Foner 131). The journey and experiences of the Two Princes of Calabar is truly an amazing one of triumph and freedom, and was never an uninteresting read. Author Randy Sparks used their real-life events to shape this well-worded, and powerful story, which truly captured an era of American life that was previously scarcely understood. Even through experiencing all of their tribulations, the Two Princes returned to slave trading upon arriving back in Old Calabar, which enhanced our understanding of sovereignty and autonomy; in the eighteenth century, ownership of another human being was truly the indicator of personal power and freedom. Randy Sparks takes care to illustrate the intricacy and convolution of the human condition while carrying the reader through a riveting firsthand experience of the Atlantic slave trade.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
1984 And Brave New World In Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley's Brave New World, the authoritative figures strive for freedom, peace, and stability for all, to develop a utopian society. The Utopian society strives for a perfect state of well-being for all persons in the community, and over-emphasizes this factor, where no person is exposed to the reality of the world. As each novel progresses we see that neither society possesses family values nor attempts to practice them. Neither are passionate nor creative in factors such as love, language, history and literature. Our society today, in general, is unsure about the future: The nightmare of total organization has emerged from the safe, remote future and is now awaiting us, just around the next corner. It follows inexorably from having so many people. This quotes represents Watts' fear for the future; George Orwell and Aldous Huxley both explore the future state of civilization in their novels. They both warn us of the dangers of a totalitarian society. Both books express a utopian ideal, examine characters that are forced into this state and are compelled to dealing with this society and all the rules involved. The impracticality of the utopian ideal is explored in Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley's Brave New World. Both authors suggest that a lack of familial bonds, the repression of human individuality, and the repression of artistic and creative endeavors in order to attain a stable environment renders the achievement of a perfect state unrealistic. The lack of familial bonds, in both novels, contributes to the development of a dystopian society. This lack of familial bonds is evident through genetic engineering, the use of names, and a commonly used drug, soma. One of the first mentionings of family in Brave New World is when the main character, Bernard, asks the Controller, the ultimate leader, about the past and why their society does not believe in families. His response suggests that authoritative figures do not believe that there is need for a mother in society and therefore, the Controller responds, "Mother, he repeated loudly rubbing in the science; and, leaning back in his chair, these, he said gravely are unpleasant facts; I know it. But then most historical facts are unpleasant." The disregard for mothers as a valuable figure in life contributes to the lack of familial bonds. In Huxley's Brave New World, human life is conceived in a bottle; the embryo no longer grows in the mother's womb, and therefore no bond is formed between the mother and the baby. There are ?bottle births' rather than the birth of a baby from it's mother. There are also conditioning centers, which become a home for all children for their entire childhood. In such circumstances, one does not receive the special attention that you would receive from a family. Since they do not have family, they do not receive love during their upbringings, therefore the products of this society do not develop the values of love nor do they respect themselves as sexual beings. Orwell's choice in naming the Party's leader, ?Big Brother' in Nineteen Eighty-Four, gives the reader the impression that all of Oceania is like a huge family. There are no smaller individual families, which results in this society's lack of close and intimate relationships. The first description Orwell gives to his audience of Big Brother is, " ...standing like a rock against the hordes of Asia...doubt about his very existence, seemed like some sinister enchanter, capable by the mere power of his voice of wrecking the structure of civilization." This first impression of ?Big Brother' is a frightening and violent image. It leads families to believe that he is a poor role-model in depicting what the word ?brother' really stands for. "The word ?brother' is the name that one would use in a family. The Big Brother, the Great Leader in Oceania, contributes to the lack of family values and the corruptness of the Party. It is not a justice comparison." Using Big Brother's name so often takes away from the family ideal and begins to weaken family relationships. The use of soma, the perfect drug, acts as a negative replacement for familial bonds. When an individual cannot cope with the daily stresses of life they rely on soma, to turn their stress into an illusion. This acts as a substitute to dealing with their problems, rather than relying on family for support or advice. Soma is an"euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant... a holiday from reality." It leaves the individual with unresolved issues and results in an illusioned
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Ordeal by Fire Essay Example Ordeal by Fire Essay Ordeal by Fire Essay After reading the two books, Ã¢â¬Å"Ordeal by FireÃ¢â¬ by James McPherson and Ã¢â¬Å"SlaveryÃ¢â¬ by Stanley M. Elkins I would have to say the books are very separate on their approach to slavery before the Civil War.Ã McPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s book looked at slavery as it related to the Civil War.Ã Elkins book looked more at the institution of slavery.Ã Both looked into the economic role and its foundation in slavery.Ã Both agreed that in comparison Latin American slaves had a more difficult life than slaves in Southern North America.Ã The differences in views from these authors, that I could see, were standard views at the time at which these books were written.Ã McPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s book was written in 1982 and Elkins was first published in 1959.Ã I will admit though that Elkins book was obviously way before its time.Ã His ideals of slave personality probably helped invent the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"slave mentalityÃ¢â¬ .Ã Ã¢â¬Å"How a person thinks about Negro slav ery historically makes a great deal of difference here and now; it tends to locate him morally in relation to a whole range of very immediate political, social, and philosophical issues which in some way refer back to slaveryÃ¢â¬ (Elkins, 1959, p. 1).Ã In McPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s book he looks at how Ã¢â¬Å"slavery formed the foundation of the SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s distinctive social orderÃ¢â¬ (p.31), and how this fit into a lifestyle in the south. When thinking of the brutality of slavery Elkins basically argued that slavery in itself was brutal. Ã Ã With McPherson, although he did not disagree with brutal acts happening he just didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believed they happen often.Ã He believed that the ownerÃ¢â¬â¢s power over his slaves Ã¢â¬Å"was often tempered by economic self-interest and sometimes by paternalismÃ¢â¬ (p.34).Ã He wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"Dead, maimed, brutalized or runaway slaves grow little if any cottonÃ¢â¬ (p.34).Ã There was a gentlemanÃ¢â¬â¢s code of noblesse oblige which required Ã¢â¬Å"beneficence towards inferiorsÃ¢â¬ .Ã The use of persuasions, inducement, rewards for good work and concessions between slave owner and slaves.Ã Overseers and masters could Ã¢â¬Å"not rule by the whip aloneÃ¢â¬ , McPherson wrote. Slavery was a human institution along with a legal and economic one that helped to give reason for the dehumanizing of slavery.Ã Elkins wrote of a childlike conformity slaves were taught to keep them in line.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Cruelty per se cannot be considered the primary key to this; of far greater importance was the simple Ã¢â¬Å"closednessÃ¢â¬ of the system, in which all lines of authority descended from the master and in which alternative social bases that might have supported alternative standards were systematically suppressedÃ¢â¬ ( Elkins, 1959 p. 128).Ã One factor that McPherson wrote about is the effect of the family structure and how it has affected African Americans throughout history in years since his book was published much has been written on that subject.Ã But at the time these books were written the consequence of this broken family structure was not yet fully recognized. Slavery in law was a form of property.Ã Human rights were something slaves did not have.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"They could not legally marry, nor own property, nor be taught to read or write in most statesÃ¢â¬ (McPherson, 1982 p.34).Ã They were allowed to have a family, in fact after 1808 because of ending of the African slave trade; this was encouraged as natural reproduction of stock.Ã Some were allowed to earn money and in rare cases they could buy their freedom.Ã But until they were free their family and money could legally be taken from them at any time. In both books lack of education among slaves served well for a couple of reasons.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The low level of literacy was one of the chief features distinguishing the slave from the free population of the South from the North.Ã¢â¬ (McPherson, 1982 p. 37)Ã There was a belief that educating a slave would cause them to have Ã¢â¬Å"dissatisfaction in their mindsÃ¢â¬ that would cause insurrection and rebellion.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Every Southern state except Maryland and Kentucky had stringent laws forbidding anyone to teach slaves reading and writing, and in some states the penalties applied to the educating of free Negroes and mulattoes as wellÃ¢â¬ (Elkins, 1959 p. 60).Ã Education in the North was very strong and very weak in the South abolitionist gave this as to the reason the South kept slavery.Ã Saying Ã¢â¬Å"this one main for the Ã¢â¬ËbackwardnessÃ¢â¬â¢ of the South and the immorality of slaveryÃ¢â¬ (McPherson, 1982, p. 37) was the reason slavery was still practice d. In McPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s book talked of the work ethics and slavery.Ã He wrote of how slavery had undermined Southerners work ethics and made them lazy.Ã Their fight to keep the institution of slavery kept them from accepting new and better agricultural tools for use in the fields and ending the economically unsound practice of slavery.Ã A critic of work habits of the South and slavery, Frederick Law Olmsted, believed Ã¢â¬Å"that the average free worker in the North accomplished twice as much as the average slave.Ã Most slaves had little motivation to improve their output through harder work or greater efficiency.Ã They lacked the time discipline of modern work habits.Ã¢â¬ (McPherson, 182 p. 36). The church influence was a tool to keep a bond between master and slave.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The slaves spoke the same language and worshipped the same Christian God as their owner.Ã Relationships of trust and affection as well as alienation and hatred could exist between slave and master.Ã¢â¬ (McPherson, 1982 p. 34).Ã In Elkins book he introduced the church as having moral authority over every man in every condition.Ã In the United States during the years of slavery the only law that was supportive somewhat of the marriage and how it related to church law was conjugal relations between slaves.Ã This dealt only with unions between master and slave; known as concubinage.Ã Unlike Latin America and other nations of slave holderÃ¢â¬â¢s concubinage was condemned and was not allowed.Ã Marriages, between slaves were permitted in these countries they were sanctified by the church and protected under law.Ã Many of the slaves still practiced their own religion in secret in fea r of punishment if found. The brutality of slavery was a direct result of Southerners devotion to limited government and laissez faire capitalism.Ã I tend to agree with Elkins theory that slavery itself is brutal.Ã Openly acts of brutality were not a rule but an exception it was the openly brutal social class system slaves were placed in that was the cruelest.Ã All one has to do is look at todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society to see the long term affects this had on African Americans.Ã Both authors gave good sound argument on slavery, but if I had to choose which gave a better picture of what slavery was like I would have to say that is was Ã¢â¬Å"SlaveryÃ¢â¬ .Ã I found the book was a little harder to follow, but gave a broader view of slavery.Ã In McPhersonÃ¢â¬â¢s book there were only really 6 or 7 pages that really dealt with slavery.Ã Even though Elkins book was written in 1959, a time of civil rights, I thought he showed more to slavery than just the economic reasons for slavery.Ã The conseq uences of slavery have survived many generations and really only in the last fifty years the affects of this turbulent time in history has just began to be understood.Ã A whole culture and society was created out of slavery.Ã The Civil War changed a nation, slavery changed a culture.Ã I found the picture that McPherson gave was only superficial and in my readings gave me an understanding of why the Civil War and slavery were intertwined.Ã Elkins gave more meaning to what slavery was all about.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Not sure yet - Essay Example The new Ã¢â¬Å"knowledge basedÃ¢â¬ economy is defined by the World Bank (Report, 2003, p1) as that which relies Ã¢â¬Å"primarily on the use of ideas rather than physical abilities and on the application of technology rather than the transformation of raw materials or the exploitation of cheap laborÃ¢â¬ . This is a new determinant that propagates the idea of life-long learning. This change is bound to have an effect on the choice of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s vocational education and training methods. We witness a contradiction and a replacement of the traditional view of life-long education of what Longworth (2003,p33) sees as being Ã¢â¬Å"about the development of the whole personÃ¢â¬ with that of its contemporary view of what Bagnall (2000) calls as Ã¢â¬Ëeconomic determinismÃ¢â¬â¢. This need has come about with the emphasis laid upon the currency in paid employment and an unavoidable need to sustain oneÃ¢â¬â¢s employment and currency in the growing face of change. This paper shall argue that there is an imbalance in the view of lifelong learning and that the need for life-long learning changes with the change in time, industrial circumstances and that it also relevant to economic carve. But we shall argue that the traditional conception of lifelong learning as being a mode of personal fulfillment also holds an important role in setting the real purpose of life-long Education while this view is given less importance in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world. A balanced outlook between that individual and social obligation of life-long learning is desirable and this shall be the perspective of the paper while not forgetting that the use of these two perspectives as the purpose and end of the life-long education depends upon individual and circumstances. The change that has come about in the view in Lifelong learning however, shall be exemplified with the change in education system, policies and globalization